Termites are challenging pests to control. It can cause damage of 30 billion dollars to the crops and houses every year in the US. You can prevent termite damage if you take action quickly. Otherwise, termites will eat your home completely.
Termites are difficult to identify at first because the termite’s colony takes two years to establish after the flying termites reside in your home. so the actual enemy of your home are the flying termites.
But if the termite colony has established your home, you can try the DIY hacks that we will discuss in detail. But if the infestation is uncontrollable, then you should call the experts.
Identify the termites:
There are several species of termites, but the three species are the most common among all the termites that are as follow:
- Subterranean termites
- Dry wood termites
- Damp wood termites
Subterranean termites: Subterranean termites are the largest among the three. These termites form the mud tubes to keep the connection with the soil and the food source. Subterranean termites are easy to identify because of their size and mud tubes.
Dry wood termites: dry wood termites live on dead or decaying wood, and your furniture is the favorite place for these termites. Dry wood termites can live without furniture and are the smallest in size.
Damp wood termites: damp wood termites cannot live without moisture and reside in the wet or near the water. Damp wood termites do not make the mud tubes and reside inside the lines. These termites leave their droppings near the wood they are infesting. If you expose the furniture to the sunlight, the damp wood termites will die because of water evaporation.
Termites are also divided according to their division of labor, such as
- Queen and king
- Alates/ winged termites
Queen and king: queen and the king have the potential to reproduce.
Soldiers: soldier termites guard the termite colony.
Workers: worker termites eat the wood. These termites gather food for the entire colony.
Alates: alates are the flying termites. These termites are born with the potential to reproduce, and they will be future kings and queens.
These termites left the colony and found their mates in other territories. When they mate with their partner, they shed off their wings and start a colony. It takes two years to create a settlement.
Symptoms of termite infestation:
The symptoms of termite infestation are as follows:
Wings of termites: you will observe the wings of termites near the windows or light sources. The presence of wings indicates whether the colony has begun or a new territory will start.
Mud tubes: this is the unmistakable symptom of termite infestation in your homes. You will observe the mud tubes on your house foundation or the furniture. Subterranean termites form the mud tubes on the exterior of the wood they are infesting.
Hollow sounding doors: knock at the door. If you feel the sound open, then it is the sign of termite infestation. The dry wood termites eat the wood from the interior first and then move towards the exterior.
Hard to close the windows and doors: if you feel any difficulty in closing your windows and doors, you should look there for termites because the dampness of damp wood termites causes the doors and windows to be swollen.
Termites droppings: dry wood termites leave their droppings near the wood they are infesting. These droppings are in the form of mud and brown to black.
How to control the termites:
Once you identify the termites, you should take action immediately. You can try DIY hacks if the infestation is limited. These DIY hacks are as follow:
Vinegar: you can use vinegar to eliminate the termites from your home. Mix the one cup of vinegar with the half cup lemon juice and then spray at the area of infestation. It kills the termites and leaves an odor that is unpleasant for the termites.
Orange oil/ neem oil: you can use orange oil or neem oils on the termites. The neem oil damages the nervous system of the termites and makes them forget to eat and reproduce. In this way, the termite colony will be destroyed.
Borax: you can use borax or boric acid to kill the termites. You can add the borax directly to the termites or form the paste by mixing it with the water.
Sunlight: if you expose your furniture to sunlight, then it will kill the termites. Because the sunlight evaporates, the dampness and termites cannot live without the moisture. Moisture Is necessary for the survival of termites.
Salt: you can add the salt to the termites, or you can make a concentrated solution of the salt. Once the solution is ready, you can spray it directly in the tubes from the holes. The salt solution will cause the termites to die.
Contact to the termite-control company:
If the termite infestation is large, you should call the termite infestation company because they can only control the termite infestation if the colony is large. The pest control company thoroughly examines your house and takes the necessary actions for termite control.
It is necessary to identify the termites as early as possible because the termites can cause damage of 3000 thousand dollars to the house owners. The first step is to identify the termites in your homes with the assistance of various symptoms such as the noise of termites, mud tubes, termite droppings, and many more. If you encounter flying termites in your home, it is a clear sign of termite infestation in your home.
It would be best if you took immediate action. If the colony has just begun, you can try various DIY hacks to control the termites, but if the infestation is large enough, you should contact the pest control company. The pest control company can take productive actions and stop the termite infestation.
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